The fulcrum is the central pivot point of a seesaw. The front axle is the fulcrum of the forklift where the counterweight and the load find balance.
Where is the fulcrum on a lift truck?
The forward wheels are the fulcrum. This is the same principle used for a teeter-totter. In order for this principle to work for a lift truck, the load of the forks must be balanced by the weight of the lift truck.
Where is the center of gravity on a forklift?
An unloaded forklift’s center of gravity is between the axle of the steer wheels at A and the drive wheels at B-C. When the forklift is unloaded, the location of the center of gravity is the only factor for determining stability.
Where is the point of balance on a forklift?
The point of balance on a forklift is called the fulcrum. The fulcrum is where a vertical line drawn through the centre of the front axle would meet the ground. An easy way to remember this is the fulcrum is where the front wheels touch the ground.
What are the three major parts of a forklift?
The three major parts of a lift truck are the body (truck), overhead guard, and hydraulic lift.
What is inching on a forklift?
The purpose of the inching pedal is to disengage the transmission without having to shift the gear lever into neutral every time a lift is performed. This pedal allows you to bring the forklift to a stop or to slow it down. … This pedal allows you to adjust the rotational speed of the engine.
What makes a forklift counterbalanced?
The counterbalance forklift features two forks at the front and has the ability to drive up close to a load to pick it up and move it. The name comes from the counterweight in the rear of the vehicle. This is to compensate for the heavy load being lifted at the front.
When traveling down a ramp or incline on a forklift?
When going down a ramp, drive in reverse with the load and keep the forks pointed up the slope. When traveling without a load, the forks should always point down the slope. The forklift operator should also drive in reverse up the ramp or drive forward when going down the ramp.
What keeps a forklift from tipping over?
Counterweights can be changed for varying load sizes. Properly placed and elevated loads on flat surfaces will eliminate the risk of tipping over. Keep the laws of physics on your side by familiarizing yourself with that load limits of your forklift.
What is the safest position for your forklift when you are carrying a load up a ramp onto a trailer?
New drivers are sometimes curious and ask, “Which direction should the load face when traveling up a ramp?” The answer is, you should always drive a loaded forklift with the forks pointed upgrade. This will help prevent the load from sliding off the forks. Never turn on a ramp or grade.
What are the three major points of the stability triangle?
Most forklifts have a three-point suspension system. The three points are the two front wheels and the pivot point of the rear axle. Connect the three points, and you have what’s called the stability triangle. One major difference between a forklift and a car is stability.
What is the effect on forklift by placing the fulcrum closer to the load?
If the fulcrum is closer to the load, then less effort is needed to move the load a shorter distance. If the fulcrum is closer to the effort, then more effort is needed to move the load a greater distance.
How do you read a forklift capacity plate?
Max Lifting Height: The maximum lift height based on load centers. Load Center: This number indicates how far forward from the mast the balancing point of the load is. The further it is from the center, the less weight it can withstand. Back Tilt: The maximum degree of back tilt (tilting the load towards the operator).
When inspecting a forklift what should be checked?
Check for leaks, cracks and visible defects everywhere on the forklift. Check mast chains visually; avoid the use of hands. Test mast chain tension by lifting the load backrest to eye level—the mast chains should be level and any tilting may signify stretching or broken rollers.
What are the forks of a forklift called?
FORKS. Also known as the tynes, the forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom. Forklift forks come in all shapes and sizes.
What are the controls on a forklift?
There are three forklift directional controls: park, drive, and reverse. Directional controls can be mounted to a lift’s steering column. Or, they may be placed in a position where an operator controls them with their foot.