What will probably happen when a forklift’s center of gravity moves outside the stability triangle?

If the combined center of gravity moves outside of the stability triangle, the forklift tends to tip sideways. Factors that cause a forklift to tip sideways are: Excessive speed while turning. Turning with an elevated mast.

What happens when the center of gravity exits the triangle on a forklift?

A forklift can tip over sideways if the center of gravity leaves the stability triangle. As such, it’s important to keep the center of gravity as close to the middle of the stability triangle as possible. The lateral stability affects carrying a load and it shifts when taking a corner too fast or making a sudden stop.

Where must a forklift’s center of gravity remain in order for the forklift to stay upright?

In order for the lift truck to be stable (not tip-over forward or to the side), the Center of Gravity must stay within the area of the lift truck stability base—a triangle drawn between the front wheels and the pivot of the rear axle. This is sometimes referred to as the “stability triangle”.

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Why is it important to understand the stability triangle of a forklift?

In order to maintain longitudinal, lateral, and dynamic stability, operators must be able to locate the center of gravity of a loaded truck and ensure that it falls within this imaginary triangle that spans the front axle to the center of the steer axle. …

When you make a turn while driving a forklift its center of gravity will shift toward the outside of the turn?

Forklifts steer by the rear wheels so operators must always keep the forklift’s center of gravity inside the “stability triangle” which is formed by the midpoint of the rear axle and the two front wheels. Tip overs occur when the center of gravity shifts outside the “stability triangle”.

What factors can affect the forklift’s center of gravity and stability?

The load weight, weight distribution, size, shape, and position are key factors affecting the capacity and the stability of the forklift. Forklifts are designed to carry a capacity load at a standard load center, commonly 24 inches.

What will happen if the combined center of gravity?

What will happen if the ” Combined Center of Gravity” moves outside the stability triangle? The lift truck will tip over in the same direction. As the load center increases the capacity increases. … Yes, the lift truck can safely lift the load.

What three points make up a forklift’s stability triangle?

There’s the weight of the load itself and the counterbalance weight located in the engine. This weight is distributed on three points—the front two wheels and the pivot point on the back axel—forming an imaginary “triangle.” This is the stability triangle of the forklift.

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What is the combined centre of gravity?

Center of gravity is the point at which an object’s weight is evenly distributed and the object is balanced. The stability triangle is the area between the two front wheels and the middle of the rear axle. To stay upright, the forklift’s combined center of gravity must stay within the stability triangle.

What direction will the combined centre of gravity move when a load is elevated?

Load Centre

As a load is lifted and lowered, the combined centre of gravity will also move up and down. As the mast is moved forward and back, the combined centre of gravity also moves forward and back.

What is the affect on the load center when the forklift is moving?

As the center of gravity for the load moves forward, the lifting capacity for the forklift decreases. The stated capacity of a forklift only applies to the load center indicated on the data plate. If the load is not centered at the specified position, the forklift’s capacity will be reduced.

How would you describe the stability triangle?

The truck’s steer axle is attached to the truck by a pivot pin in the axle’s center. When the points are connected with imaginary lines, this three-point support forms a triangle called the stability triangle. … When the vehicle is loaded, the combined center of gravity (CG) shifts toward line B-C.

What are 4 things that can reduce the capacity or stability of the forklift?

These are load size, weight distribution and position — all of which can affect the machine’s stability at any time.

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