What is grid excavation?

A box grid excavation involves digging a series of square trenches which are separated by preserved vertical sections called baulks. The technique was originally developed by Sir Mortimer Wheeler and refined by Kathleen Kenyon. … However, a box-grid excavation is less comprehensive than an open plan excavation.

What is grid system in archaeology?

A grid is a design that breaks a section of ground into small squares. These squares are marked usually with rope and string. Each little square in the grid has to be carefully searched and measured. If something is found, archaeologists note how deep in the earth it was.

Why do archaeologists use a grid system when excavating?

Excavation sites are divided into grids so that archaeologists can record the exact location where artifacts are found.

What is a wheeler box grid excavation?

The Wheeler box-grid method involves dividing an archaeological site into a series of orderly squares with uniform spaces – or balks – between them.

What is the excavation process in archaeology?

In archaeology, excavation is the exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains. An excavation site or “dig” is the area being studied. … During excavation, archaeologists often use stratigraphic excavation to remove phases of the site one layer at a time.

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What is vertical excavation?

In vertical excavation, the archeologist may use test units to identify and/or remove strata. … The excavation of a site proceeds by these methods until, layer by layer, the foundations of the site are uncovered. Often, excavation ends when sterile levels, strata without artifacts, are repeatedly uncovered.

What is a site grid?

The website grid is a visual structure used to organize components of a webpage’s design such as typography, images, video, and other elements. … Traditionally, a grid structure is used to evenly divide the design space into a series of vertical columns.

What are four 4 tools do archaeologist use in their work?

Tools found in a typical archaeological toolbox include dental picks, trowels, brushes, measuring tapes, line levels, storage bags, pens, and pencils. conjunction with a tape measure that allows for more precise measurements to be taken on an archaeological site. they do.

What is a total station in archaeology?

A Total Station is a modern electronic device which combines the ability to measure a position horizontally and vertically at the same time. … Total stations developed in civil engineering, but like many other items of equipment, archaeologists realised their usefulness for archaeological purposes.

What are the benefits and drawbacks of the Wheeler box grid method of excavation?

The Wheeler box-grid method is beneficial because it keeps the stratification or vertical record. The drawbacks are that the small wall in between may have vital information that the archaeologist cannot access.

When was the box grid system invented?

The technique originates from the work of Mortimer Wheeler and Tessa Wheeler at Verulamium (1930–35), and was later refined by Kathleen Kenyon during her excavations at Jericho (1952–58). The Wheeler–Kenyon system involves digging within a series of squares that can vary in size set within a larger grid.

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What kind of sites do archaeologists excavate?

There are, of course, many different types of archaeological sites, and there is no one set of precepts and rules that will apply to excavation as a whole. Some sites, such as temples, forts, roads, villages, ancient cities, palaces, and industrial remains, are easily visible on the surface of the ground.

What is the main tool used by archaeologists?

Generally during an excavation, an archaeologist’s tool box consists of some basic tools regardless of the type of excavation. Shovels, trowels, spades, brushes, sieves, and buckets are some of the more obvious or common tools that an archaeologist may carry with them to most digs.