Who conducted the first scientific archaeological excavation?

The first scientific excavation has been attributed to Thomas Jefferson in Virginia, USA. Archaeology as an academic study, career, and university subject is a fairly recent development.

Who was the first person to conduct a scientific excavation?

In Ancient Mesopotamia, a foundation deposit of the Akkadian Empire ruler Naram-Sin (ruled circa 2200 BCE) was discovered and analysed by king Nabonidus, circa 550 BCE, who is thus known as the first archaeologist.

When was the first archaeological excavation began?

Archaeology proper began with an interest in the Greeks and Romans and first developed in 18th-century Italy with the excavations of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Who was the father of archaeological excavation?

Sir Alexander Cunningham, (born Jan. 23, 1814, London, Eng.

Where was the first scientific excavation at?

Thomas Jefferson directs the first controlled excavation of an ancient mound in Virginia, “the first scientific excavation in the history of archaeology.”

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Who is known as the father of Indian Archaeology?

Alexander Cunnigham, the first Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India is often called the father of Indian Archaeology.

Who appointed the post of Archaeological Survey of India?

IAS officer V. Vidyavathi is appointed as the new Director-General of Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) effective from 12th May 2020. She is a 1991 batch Karnataka cadre officer.

Who started archaeology in India?

Archaeological Survey of India

Logo of the Archeological Survey of India
Abbreviation ASI
Formation 1861
Founder Alexander Cunningham
Type Governmental organization

Who is the first archaeologist in India?

Alexander Cunningham, India’s first professional archaeologist, became the first Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India in 1871. This volume contains a collection of 193 letters he wrote between 1871 and 1888 to his Archaeological Assistant, J. D. M. Beglar.

Who discovered the remains of the city of Troy?

Troy, with its 4,000 years of history, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. The first excavations at the site were undertaken by the famous archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann in 1870.

Who first excavated Harappa?

The first extensive excavations at Harappa were started by Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni in 1920. His work and contemporaneous excavations at Mohenjo-daro first brought to the world’s attention the existence of the forgotten Indus Valley civilization as the earliest urban culture in the Indian subcontinent.

Who discovered Mohenjo-Daro?

Mohenjo-daro discovered

It was initially sighted by D R Handarkar in 1911-1912, who mistook its baked mud bricks as being only 200 years old. In 1922, R D Banerji, one of the Superintendent Archaeologists of the Archaeological Survey of India, decided to excavate the Buddhist stupa that dominated the site.

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Who was the first director general of the Archaeological Survey of India?

In February 1871, the ASI — as we now know it — was created as a government department. The credit for this goes to Alexander Cunningham, who was then working with the Bengal Engineers. He was appointed as its first Director General — exactly 140 years ago.

When was Pompeii discovered?

Ancient Roman Life Preserved at Pompeii | National Geographic. When Mount Vesuvius erupted cataclysmically in the summer of A.D. 79, the nearby Roman town of Pompeii was buried under several feet of ash and rock. The ruined city remained frozen in time until it was discovered by a surveying engineer in 1748.

Who is the father of archeology in South East Asia?

Wilhelm G. Solheim II (1924—2014) was an American anthropologist recognized as the most senior practitioner of archaeology in Southeast Asia, and as a pioneer in the study of Philippine and Southeast Asian prehistoric archaeology.

When did archaeology begin in Mesopotamia?

Mesopotamian archaeology began in the mid-19th century from within Biblical and Classical scholarship. The rediscovery of the great capital cities of Assyria and Babylonia by British and French adventurers, notably Layard and Botta, is the stuff of legend.